Registered Reports are a form of empirical publication in which study proposals are peer reviewed and pre-accepted before research is undertaken. By deciding which articles are published based on the question, theory and methods, Registered Reports offer a remedy for a range of reporting and publication biases. In this review article, Christopher D. Chambers and Loukia Tzavella reflect on the history, progress and future prospects of the Registered Reports initiative and offer practical guidance for authors, reviewers and editors. The authors discuss early evidence that Registered Reports are working as intended, while at the same time acknowledging that they are not a universal solution for irreproducibility. The authors conclude that Registered Reports are promoting reproducibility, transparency and self-correction across disciplines and may help reshape how society evaluates research and researchers.